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Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 152

Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 152

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Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 152

Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 153

Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 153

Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 153

Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 153

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 153

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 153

Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 154

Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 154

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 154

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/nepjop/public_html/index.php on line 154
Editorial

Minimizing medical negligence

Eli Pradhan, MD, MRCSEd Ophth

Consultant Ophthalmologist Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology Kathmandu, Nepal

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Editorial

Ethical issues in ophthalmic practice and the ways to monitor ethics

Sagili Chandarsekhara Reddy

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Original Articles

Effect of phacoemulsification surgery on various parameters in patients with glaucoma

Sanjeeb Bhandari Indira Paudyal1 Shankar Prasad Khanal2 Suman S Thapa1

(1)Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Gaushala, Bagmati Bridge, (2)Central Department of Statistics, Tribhuvan University Kathmandu, Nepal,

Glaucoma, cataract, quality of life

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Original Articles

Factors affecting the time lag to the second eye cataract surgery in a hospital-based population

Charu Malik Manjit S Bhatia,2 Upreet Dhaliwal3 Departments of Ophthalmology1,3 and Psychiatry

University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, India

cataract surgery, barriers, sequential cataract extraction

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Original Articles

Clinico-epidemiological characteristics of central retinal vein occlusion in a tertiary level eye care center of Nepal

Nirsara Shrestha,1 Raghu Nandan Byanju,2 Binita Bhattarai,3 Kabindra Bajracharya,3 Ruchi Shrestha3

(1)Department of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel (2)Bharatpur Eye Hospital, Bharatpur (3)Ophthalmologist, Lumbini Eye Institute, Bhairahawa

central retinal vein occlusion, visual acuity

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Original Articles

Accuracy of intraocular lens power calculation in pediatric cataracts with less than a 20 mm axial length of the eye

Purushottam Joshi, Raman Mehta,2 Suma Ganesh2

(1)Mechi Eye Hospital, Jhapa, Nepal (2 )Dr Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital, Delhi, India

pediatric cataract surgery; axial length; intraocular lens calculation formulae; prediction error

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Original Articles

Prevalence, risk factors and awareness of diabetic retinopathy among admitted diabetic patients at a tertiary level hospital in Kathmandu

Raba Thapa 1,2 Deepak Man Joshi2, Aparna Rizyal 2,3, Nhukesh Maharjan1, Rajesh Dhoj Joshi2

(1) Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology (2) Kathmandu Model Hospital (3) Nepal Medical College Kathmandu, Nepal

Awareness, diabetic retinopathy, prevalence, risk factors

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Original Articles

Prevalence of and associated risk factors for pterygium in the high altitude communities of Upper Mustang, Nepal

Maharjan I M 1 Shreshth E 2, GurungB 3, Karmacharya S 4

(1,2,3,4) Consultant Ophthalmologists Himalaya Eye Hospital, Pokhara, Nepal

pterygium, prevalence, risk factor, high altitude

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Original Articles

Ocular injuries in the people’s uprising of April 2006 in Kathmandu, Nepal

Ananda K Sharma Dev N Shah, Jeevan K Shrestha, Madhu Thapa, Gauri S Shrestha

BP Koirala Lion’s Centre for Ophthalmic Studies, IOM, Kathmandu, Nepal

rubber bullets, tear gas, ocular injury

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Original Articles

Prevalence of various types of allergens in ocular allergic conditions of patients from Pokhara, Nepal

Sachet Prabhat Shrestha, 1 Amod K Pokhrel, 2 Pushpa Malla, 3 Srijana Thapa Godar1

(1) Department of Ophthalmology, MCOMS, Pokhara, Nepal Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of California Berkeley, California, USA (3) National Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases, Nepal

Ocular allergy AKC, VKC, SAC, PAC, skin prick test (SPT), allergens, specific immune therapy (SIT)

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Review Articles

Post penetrating keratoplasty glaucoma – A review

Dr Parul Ichhpujani

Glaucoma, intraocular pressure, keratoplasty

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Case Reports

Sub-conjunctival dislocation of posterior chamber intra-ocular lens: five years after manual, small-incision cataract surgery

Rajesh Subhash Joshi

Department of Ophthalmology Vasatrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal-4000001, India.

Wound strength, scleral tunnel, dislocation, intraocular lens, small-incision cataract surgery

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Case Reports

Spontaneous rupture of lens capsule with dislocation of nucleus in hypermature cataract

VK Malik Rishi Jhalani, KPS Malik, Abhishek Gupta, Sanjiv Kumar, Rohit Kapoor and Charu Jain

Department of Ophthalmology, Subharti Institute of Medical Sciences, Meerut (U.P), India

spontaneous dislocation, hypermature cataract

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Case Reports

Macular toxicity following brilliant blue G-assisted macular hole surgery – a report of three cases

Animesh Jindal Avinash Pathengay1 Kopal Mithal1 Jay Chhablani2 Rajeev Reddy Pappuru2 Harry W Flynn Jr3

(1) GMRV Campus, Visakhapatnam, L V Prasad Eye Institutes, India (2) KAR Campus, Hyderabad, L V Prasad Eye Institutes, India (3) Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami

Brilliant blue G, macular hole, macular toxicity, hyperpigmentation

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Case Reports

Intra-ocular lens opacification in the anterior chamber leading to loss of vision in an adolescent

Mridu Chaudhry, Keerti Mundey1 Shikha Baisakhiya2 Sumita Sethi1

IOL opacification, hydrophilic lenses, IOL explantation

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Case Reports

POEMS syndrome as an uncommon cause of papilledema

Carlos Mario Franco Kepa Balparda2 Ana María Díaz3 Daniel Jiménez3 Ana Paulina Pamplona3

(1) Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. Medellín, Colombia. (2) Department of Ophthalmology, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Medellín, Colombia. (3) School of Medicine, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Medellín, Colombia

POEMS syndrome, papilledema, vision disorders

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Case Reports

An overlap of Coats and Eales diseases or a Coats variant?

Murat Kucukevcilioglu Gungor Sobaci1, Ali Hakan Durukan1, Fazil Cuneyt Erdurman2, Osman Melih Ceylan3

(1) Gulhane Military Medical School, Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara, Turkey (2) Canakkale Military Hospital, Canakkale, Turkey (3) Ardahan Military Hospital, Ardahan, Turkey

Coats disease, Eales disease

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Case Reports

Ocular malignant melanoma – a report of two cases

SC Reddy HK Darnal 2

(1) Departments of Ophthalmology, (2) Pathology, School of Medicine, University Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Malignant melanoma, conjunctiva, choroid.

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Letter to Editor

Role of community volunteers in pediatric eye screening

Mohan Krishna Shrestha Ujjowala Devi Shrestha

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Letter to Editor

Ocular myocysticercosis: an unusual case of ptosis

Punita Kumari Sodhi

Professor in Ophthalmology Guru Nanak Eye Centre affilaited with Maulana Azad Medical College New Delhi

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Letter to Editor

Optical coherence tomography in diabetic macular edema: sub-retinal fluid pattern and related risk factors

Aditi Gupta Rajiv Raman, Tarun Sharma

Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, 18, College Road Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai-600 006, Tamil Nadu, India

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Letter to Editor

Herpes Simplex Keratitis – an unusual clinical presentation

Ananda Kumar Sharma

Associate Professor Department of Ophthalmology, Institute Of Medicine B. P. Koirala Lion’s Centre for Ophthalmic Studies Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

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Letter to Editor

Ocular myocysticercosis

Beuy Joob1 Viroj Wiwanitkit 2

(1) Sanitation 1 Medical Academic Center, Bangkok, Thailand (2) Visiting Professor, Hainan Medical University, China; Visiting Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis, Serbia; Adjunct Professor, Joseph Ayobabalola University, Nigeria; Special Lecturer, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

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